How to Start a Class Action Lawsuit in 5 Simple Steps

Have you and many others been wronged in the same way? Many people in your situation have successfully sought recourse through this powerful legal tool. But knowing where to start can be difficult and intimidating.

start a class action lawsuit

Fortunately, we’ve put together a detailed guide if you are wondering how to start a class action lawsuit. Read on to learn more about the process and key considerations like minimum requirements and compensation for lead plaintiffs.

What is a Class Action Lawsuit?

A class action lawsuit is a legal proceeding where one or more plaintiffs can pursue a claim on behalf of themselves and other individuals who have suffered similar harm. It’s an effective way to combine the efforts of many people to hold wrongdoers accountable and seek justice for all affected parties.

how to start a class action lawsuit
Image Courtesy:

Over the past two years (March 2020 to March 2022), employers in the US have faced a daunting 1,000 class action lawsuits stemming from COVID-19 regulations. Of those suits filed, withholding claims made up close to half (447), and workplace safety violations, discrimination, etc., trailed at approximately 100. As legal mandates for companies continue to evolve during this pandemic, it is clear that keeping up with changing guidelines can be tricky!

How Do Class Action Lawsuits Work?

Class action lawsuits typically begin with one or more people — “lead plaintiffs” — filing complaints against an organization they allege to have caused harm. If the court certifies the lawsuit as a class action, similar individuals can join the claim and become part of the plaintiff class.

For a class action lawsuit to move forward, the court must certify that all plaintiffs have something in common. This means they are part of a larger group with identical claims – and it’s up to the named plaintiffs and their attorneys to prove this before judgment can be passed!

When a class action lawsuit is filed, most defendants will spare themselves the court proceedings and agree to an agreeable legal remedy for all involved. Though if they choose litigation, it’s up to the judicial system to decide how best every individual entity of that group will be served – making sure justice prevails!

what does it take to file a class action lawsuit

What Does It Take to File a Class Action Lawsuit?

Filing a class action lawsuit in federal court requires more than just bringing the case to trial. Under Rule 23 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, both express and implied requirements must be satisfied before proceeding with your claim. While some state rules may vary slightly from those laid out by the FRCP, it’s crucial for any potential plaintiffs – or their lawyers – who want to file suit on behalf of an entire group to know what they must do so as not to run into trouble once proceedings begin!

An Actual Dispute or Controversy Violating the Law

How to start a class action lawsuit? To successfully initiate a class action lawsuit, the named plaintiffs must have substantial legal grounds that justify their pursuit of damages. For all case members, there must be some unifying factor between them in terms of either fact or law.

Objective Measures Defining Plaintiffs’ Class

Based on the particular facts of your case, you and your lawyer must develop objective criteria that define who is eligible to join the class action suit. This helps weed out parties who don’t have enough in common with other members or who may be attempting to defraud the system.

how to start a class action lawsuit

Numerosity Requirement

The number of people in the plaintiff class must be large enough that suing each party individually isn’t practicable or feasible. Generally, when filing a class action lawsuit, you will need at least 40 members for the claim to proceed.

Commonality and Typicality Requirements

All plaintiffs must share common issues concerning the claims in the class action lawsuit, and their situations must be typical of other members. In other words, all parties should have experienced similar losses from the same conduct or organization.

Adequacy of Representation

The named plaintiffs must be able to adequately represent the interests of all members listed in the class action lawsuit. This means they have a legal obligation to ensure everyone receives justice throughout the proceedings.

How to Start a Class Action Lawsuit in 5 Easy Steps

If you are wondering how to start a class action lawsuit, these five steps can help ensure your case gets on a solid footing.

how to initiate a class action lawsuit

1. Preparing the Story

Gather all the relevant information about your case and ensure it’s complete, accurate, and organized. Unlike other lawsuits, there is a large number of people to file a class action, so tracking each circumstance is vital.

Writing the information chronologically and in detail can help you create a solid legal narrative for your case. This will also help your lawyer craft a convincing argument before the court.

2. Identifying Common Issues

Identify the common issues that your case involves, such as violations of a certain law or contract. When filing a class action lawsuit, it’s important to remember that all class members must have experienced something similar, making your argument stronger and more unified.

Starting a class action lawsuit takes more than just collective dissatisfaction with a company – you need to discover what ties your claim together with others. Get the ball rolling by taking proactive steps to discover exactly what binds your case together.

how to start a class action lawsuit

3. Deciding on the Law That Applies to the Claim

The law applicable to your class action lawsuit will depend on the facts of the case, so it’s important to research what type of laws may be relevant. This could range from consumer protection statutes or employment laws to privacy and security or even antitrust regulations.

Filing appropriate laws in your papers can help streamline the process and give you a better chance of success. There is no one-size-fits-all approach to class action lawsuits, so ensure you understand the applicable legal framework before filing.

4. Finding a Lawyer

Class action lawsuits are complex and require special skills, so it’s essential to find an experienced lawyer willing to take on your case. Check references, read reviews online, and meet with different firms to get a better feel for the fit.

Your lawyer should also be up-to-date with the latest class action lawsuit trends and have the necessary resources to get your case off the ground. It is also vital if your lawyer is an expert in the law your case is based on, as this will give you the best chance of success.

5. Filing Your Lawsuit

Once you’ve gathered the necessary information and chosen a lawyer, it’s time to file your class action lawsuit. Your attorney will submit a document known as a complaint, which outlines the facts of your case, the issues that bind all members together, and the damages you seek.

One individual may take on a major task and represent others in the same boat – that’s what class action lawsuits are all about! One person can help many who might otherwise not have any legal recourse by standing up for their rights. It’s an efficient way to fight injustice without locating every affected party.

how to start a class action lawsuit

How to Start a Class Action Lawsuit: FAQs

How to start a class action lawsuit against an employer?

Before starting a class action lawsuit against an employer, you must first identify the common issue that binds all the employees together. You should also figure out which laws may be relevant and consult with experienced legal counsel to evaluate your case if necessary. Once these steps are taken, you can file a complaint in court outlining your claim, damages sought, and evidence.

How many people are needed for a class action lawsuit?

How many people for a class action lawsuit are required? The exact number of people needed for a class action lawsuit depends on the facts and circumstances of the case. Generally, there must be a minimum of 40 individuals to bring a collective action against an employer.

how much do class action lawsuits pay?

How much do class action lawsuits pay?

The amount of class action lawsuit compensation varies greatly. You could receive anywhere from a few hundred dollars to millions of dollars, depending on the facts and circumstances. Some class action lawsuits may also provide injunctive relief instead of monetary damages.

What are the minimum requirements for a class action lawsuit?

To initiate a class action lawsuit, you must have a group of people or businesses with the same legal claim. Additionally, it must be shown that these claims are large enough to make it economically infeasible for each individual to file a separate lawsuit. Lastly, there must be one person who can represent the entire class in court.

What is lead plaintiff class action lawsuit compensation?

The lead plaintiff in a class action lawsuit may receive additional compensation for their role. This is usually an incentive award, separate from damages or settlement funds awarded to the rest of the class. The amount of this award varies and is determined by the court based on various factors.

How many parties are there in a class action lawsuit?

A class action lawsuit typically involves the plaintiff(s) and the defendant. A plaintiff is usually a collective group of people or businesses with similar legal claims, while the defendant is usually an individual or business accused of wrongdoing.

class action lawsuit how many parties

Final Words: How to Start a Class Action Lawsuit

Wondering how to start a class action lawsuit? Class action lawsuits are an effective way to fight for your rights when a large group is affected by the same issue. Understanding the legal framework and consulting with experienced counsel before taking action is essential. Additionally, ensure you meet the minimum requirements, identify a lead plaintiff, and find a lawyer to give you the best chance of success.
This blog post will answer your question about how to file a class action lawsuit. If you need further assistance, contact a lawyer.

Comments (18)